The moons’ position relative to the earth is the driving influence for Lunar Gardening:
When the moon is waxing, the earth is “exhaling” and releasing. The growing energies are drawn into the upper plant.
It is time to sow plants intended for their properties above ground, such as shrubs, trees, and flowering plants during the waxing moon.
When the moon is waning, the earth is inhaling and absorbing. The growing energy is pulled down towards the roots.
This is the time to water, or use natural fertilizers which will be well absorbed by soil and into the plant, as well as hoeing and weeding.
Sow root crops like carrots, beets, radishes, potatoes etc during a waning moon.
NEW MOON and FULL MOON
These short phases mark a change of direction of the moons’ energies, like slack water between a rising and falling tide.
More about Moon Path